The nine major oilseeds cultivated in India are groundnut, mustard/rapeseed,sesame, safflower, linseed, niger seed, castor seed, soybean and sunflower.
Coconut is the most important source of edible oil amongst plantation crops, while in non-conventional oils, rice bran oil and cottonseed oil are the most important.
Groundnut, soybean and mustard together contribute about 85 percent of the country oilseeds production.
While production of oilseeds has risen over the years, it has not been able to keep pace with the domestic demand for edible oils. Therefore,there has been a persistent gap between domestic demand and output of edible oils.
The net domestic availability of edible oils was only 5.62million tonnes during 2000-01 while the domestic requirement was close to 10 million tonnes.